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We know that new and better varieties and rootstocks should always be in your orchard.  We try to travel to our nursery sources every year to take a look at new and improved sports, cultivars, and varieties.  We don't recommend them until we are sure that they are actual improvements, worthy to plant in your orchards.  We
also can help educate you about new trends in the fruit industry so that you can stay ahead of the curve.

APPLES            CHERRIES            PEACHES            OTHER FRUITS   
ROOTSTOCKS                  
THE "CLUB" TREND

APPLES

 

                WineCrisp™  (Co-op 31 cv.) (USPPAF)
WineCrisp™ is a new scab-resistant apple release from University of Illinois-Urbana-Champagne.  It is the latest of the "Co-op" series of disease and scab resistant apples bred by the cooperative effort of Purdue, Rutgers, and University of Illinois---the PRI Cooperative Apple Breeding Program.  Moser Fruit Tree Sales has just been licensed to propagate it, and we are excited about the possibilities of this new release.  We will have trees available for Spring 2011.

WineCrisp™ is a deep red, late ripening apple.  Ripening a couple weeks after Red Delicious, it appears to hang on the tree well through October.  The medium sized, round-oblate, well colored fruit is deep wine-red but not bright and glossy.  It has somewhat "scarfy" or russety skin, giving it a matte finish similar to older strains of Winesap, which is somewhat resembles.  It has a pleasant flavor with a good mix of sweetness and tartness.   It is a very firm with crisp flesh.  It will store in common cold storage for up to eight or nine months, according to Dr. Schuyler Korban of UIUC who evaluated and released the apple.  It is reported to be extremely productive with annual bearing on a moderately vigorous, semi-spreading tree.  It is reported to have good resistance to fire blight, moderate resistance to powdery mildew, but is somewhat susceptible to cedar apple rust under unfavorable conditions.  Pick when its background color has turned greenish-yellow.  It appears to be cold-hardy for winter temperatures in Illinois and Indiana--- Zones 4-5.

Definitely worth planting and evaluating by organic growers since it will not require extensive spraying for apple scab.

        Frostbite™  (MN 447 cv.)

Just recently named by the University of Minnesota, Frostbite™ or MN 447 is an older cultivar that has been used as a parent in the breeding of other successful U of MN apple varieties.  Because of its unique, sweet, aromatic, and unusual flavor people who know MN 447 have been encouraging the University to release it.  The fruit is only small to medium in size, being 2¼ to 2½ inches in diameter, but is very firm, crisp and juicy.  It usually tests 17-20 pounds pressure at harvest, and it will store for 3-4 months in common storage at 34-37°F.  The flesh is a creamy, light yellow.  It is an attractive maroon red over a yellow gold background.  It usually exhibits striped coloration, but often can be somewhat dappled.  It sometimes russets lightly, depending on the season.  Like most Minnesota varieties, it is extremely hardy to USDA Zone 3b (-30 to -35°F).  It has low to medium vigor.  The tree is spreading and produces annually.

We are proud to offer this new variety.  We expect that it could be a suitable variety for local farmer's markets and the backyard fruit grower, where its unique and appealing taste will make up for its smaller size.  Due to its smaller size, we don't expect it would do well as a commercial apple for packing and shipping, unless the consumer is well educated of its merits.

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    SnowSweet®

SnowSweet® is one of the newest introductions from the University of Minnesota breeding program.  The fruit ripens approximately two weeks after Honeycrisp™.  It has an attractive bronze-red blush covering 70-90% of the fruit.  The flesh is very white and resists browning when cut.  It has a very rich and sweet flavor with slight tartness.  Fruit is reported to stay firm in storage for up to two months.  Like all U of MN varieties it is a hardy, regular bearer and very suitable to colder climes.  Call us now for availability!

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    Zestar!®

Zestar!® was introduced several years ago by University of Minnesota, and is now gaining a very good reputation with growers.  It is a very high quality, late summer, early fall season apple that ripens in the Paulared™ season.  It has very crisp, juicy, firm flesh with an excellent sweet-tart flavor.  It is probably one of the best apples in its season and will probably gain in popularity when it becomes better known at farmer's and roadside markets.  For an early apple it is reported to keep extraordinarily well--- for 6-8 weeks in ordinary storage.  The tree is slow to moderately vigorous, spreading and productive.  Hardiness is very good.  Availability is improving.

        Honeycrisp™

One of the most exciting new apples to be introduced.  Developed as a cross between Macoun and Honeygold by the University of Minnesota, this apple is creating a sensation with consumers.  Probably the most crisp apple on the market.  Very juicy and tasty.  Ripens about a week after McIntosh and a few weeks ahead of Red Delicious. Will store well, but has problems with bitter pit on young trees.  Tree is moderately vigorous and precocious, but susceptible to powdery mildew.  Tree tends to settle down into a very productive mode within a couple years of planting, so may not take up as much space in row as most varieties.  Somewhat like a Rome in growth.  We recommend Honeycrisp™ highly for farm marketers, pick-your-own, or any market that is close to the consumer.

    Gale Gala®

Gale Gala™ is one of the highest coloring strains on the market today.  Deep red stripes and full red color.  It may be a one pick apple in many areas.  While it is very high coloring, in Michigan it does get very red, but not too dark.  Still retains that "gala" look that sets this variety apart from others.

    Pacific Gala®

We really like this strain of Gala.  Has very high red color, but retains that "glowing look"  that consumers have come to identify as Gala.  There are other redder strains in the marketplace, but in high coloring areas they can become too dark when properly mature.  (Is it really a Gala when it looks like a Jonathan?)  Picks 5-7 days before Royal Gala and stores much better.

    September Wonder™ Fuji

Formerly known as Jubilee™ Fuji, this is the earliest true Fuji on the market.  Ripens 6 weeks earlier than normal Fuji--- picking in Red Delicious season in most areas.  September Wonder™ will allow you to offer true Fuji flavor and sweetness if you grow in an area where it is difficult to mature normal Fuji's.  Reddish blush skin color.  Keeping qualities are similar to Gala.  We recommend it for farm marketers or U-picks where consumers expect you to have Fuji, even though it may be early in the season.  September Wonder™ will give you 6 more weeks to sell this popular apple to your customers. 

    Auvil Early Fuji™

An excellent strain of early Fuji offered by Van Well Nursery.  Similar maturity to September Wonder™.  We recommend it as another early Fuji strain to try.

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    Red Jonaprince™ Jonagold

Red Jonaprince™ brand Jonagold is one of the newest and earliest high coloring strains of Jonagold on the market.  It is a Van Well Nursery exclusive.  The deep red color shows up on all apples, even shaded fruit, and in our experience it starts coloring a week to 10 days ahead of other popular, high color strains.  It will finish to a nice deeper, red attractive color with some subdued striping.  Stores well and maintains excellent Jonagold flavor.  We recommend it.


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    Rubinstar® Jonagold

Rubinstar® Jonagold has proven to be one of the best red Jonagolds in the market.  It has intense red color covering almost the entire apple.  Colors uniformly throughout the tree and matures a week ahead of standard Jonagold.  It is brightly colored with some striping.  It has all the eye and taste appeal that growers are looking for.  The apple may be slightly smaller than regular Jonagold and other strains, which can be a plus in the extra large sized variety.  We have observed it for many years and highly recommend it.

    Red Cameo™ 

We're sure you've heard a lot about Cameo™. Now Van Well has a new, redder, more attractive strain.  Even though it is late season, it can be successfully grown in almost all locations.  The flavor, eating quality and storage characteristics are its major selling factors---keeping well in common and CA storage.  The tree is vigorous and hardy with standard growth characteristics, but can be quite spurry too.    The fruit is attractive and distinct.

PEACHES

The Michigan peach industry is fortunate to have several peach breeding programs, two private and one pubic, which have been developing peach varieties for commercial growers.  The most successful and productive, by number of new varieties introduced, has been the FlaminFury® program started by Paul Friday many years ago.  The other private breeding program, Stellar Peaches™, by the late Jim Friday, a relative, has also produced many successful introductions.  The public breeding program run by Michigan State University is finally introducing some new varieties for the commercial peach industry in Southwestern Michigan.  All of these separate and independent programs started in Southwestern Michigan when the industry was facing challenging times--- shrinking markets for the older standard varieties which did not have sufficient color and quality for the marketplace and severe winter damage which was forcing most peach growers to re-evaluate their orchards.  The "fruits" of their labors are now being widely planted and tested in commercial orchards all across the country.    

If you are a beginning or established grower, It is well worth the effort to trial these new varieties.  In our peach growing years, we test planted and evaluated almost every new variety to come out, looking for the ideal peach.  Since every peach growing area is climatically and culturally different from another, one can never predict beforehand exactly which new variety will be the best for your market or customer, so take the time to talk with other local growers and extension and university people.

    Flamin'Fury® Series Peaches

Click here to view ALL the Flamin' Fury® Peach Varieties.

Paul Friday started independently breeding his Flamin' Fury® series of peaches many years ago, and I was able to often walk with Paul through his seedling blocks and I continue to look at his new introductions in his extensive test orchards now.  The Flamin Fury® series has produced more new varieties, covering a greater range of ripening season, than any other program that I know of.  It presently has more than 25 varieties in commercial introduction, with more coming every year as Paul continues to carry on the program.  There is certainly a Flamin' Fury® variety suitable for your particular geographic location, orchard site, season and market.  Paul is a master of identifying the niche each peach he breeds may be most suitable for.  His breeding goals are more open ended, with most varieties exhibiting high red color, roundness, firmness and shipping quality and good size as well as a much wider ripening range, from a whole month before Red Haven to well after Red Skin season.  There have been excellent reports on Flamin'Fury® peach varieties from peach areas across the country and I have been impressed with them when I have seen them on Paul's farm.   

Please contact us for a brochure describing his achievements or click the link above to view all his currently offered varieties, since they are too numerous to list..  Most varieties are available for Spring planting from a variety of nurseries.  Call us!

 

    Stellar™ Series Peaches

Click here to view ALL the Stellar Peach Varieties.

Annette and Randy Bjorge, Jim Friday's daughter and son-in-law, are carrying on Jim's breeding efforts with the introduction of over ten Stellar™ peach varieties which presently ripen from before Garnet Beauty/ Early Red Haven season to very late September.  Commercial growers across the country have been testing and planting many of these varieties.  Stellar™ varieties are reported to have high quality, good fruit size, high color, firm flesh, and good resistance to bacterial spot and canker.  Look for more varieties to be released in the future as their evaluation of new material continues.

Please contact us for a brochure or click the link above to view all his currently offered varieties, since they are too numerous to list..  Most are available from a variety of nurseries.  Call us!

 

New from the Michigan State University Peach Breeding Program

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Beaumont™  (MSU 26' cv,)  Beaumont ripens 18 days after Redhaven in the Loring season.  60-90% red blush over a yellow background.  Fruit is reported to average 2.5" or better and maintain firmness and store exceptionally well.  A prolific bearer with good shelf life, good flavor, and uniform fruit.  Requires multiple pickings.  Good bacterial spot and brown rot resistance. 

Beaumont™ was bred by Dr. Bill Shane and Dr. Amy Iezzoni at the MSU Clarksville Research Station.  Its parents are SH424 X Fayette.  It is named after the famous Beaumont Tower, which is a landmark on the Michigan State University campus in East Lansing, MI.  Beaumont™ will become generally available from many nurseries for Spring 2007 planting.   

 

CHERRIES

Balaton™ Tart Cherry

An exciting alternative to the standard Montmorency.  Balaton™ was introduced by Amy Iazonni of Michigan State University who found it in Hungary when she was searching for new genetic resources for her tart cherry breeding program.  Balaton™ is larger and firmer than Montmorency.  Excellent for processing with red skin, flesh, and juice.  Ripens after Montmorency and blooms a few days later.  The tree is vigorous may need to be trained similar to a sweet cherry.  Worthy of limited trial.

OTHER FRUITS

        Bubblegum Plum®

Bubblegum Plum®- This plum ripens 20 days after Redhaven and is the most exciting plum for retail marketing to ever come down the pike, in Paul Friday's opinion, who has registered the trademark for marketing this fruit.  Moser Fruit Tree Sales offers this variety under license from Paul Friday, the world famous breeder and marketer of Flamin'Fury® peaches.

"It has the essence and taste of bubblegum which has driven our retail customers wild. Our retail patrons of all status and economic levels request this plum way after their availability every season. We sell this plum 20 to 1 over any other plum at our farm stands throughout the season, it is an unbelievable winner. It requires another variety for cross pollination, Pipestone, Waneta, and Superior are three of many choices suggested.  This varieity is very hardy and can be grown from zone 3 up."

 

    New York Series of Prunes

Stanley prune has been the mainstay of eastern prune production.  The New York series of prunes were bred at the Geneva Horticultural Experiment Station to offer growers better alternatives.  Three varieties are presently available with harvest seasons earlier than Stanley.  Castleton™ ripens approximate 2 weeks before Stanley.  NY 6 and NY 9 ripen approximately 7 to 10 days before Stanley.  All three are worthy of limited trial.

ROOTSTOCKS

New Apple Rootstocks with great potential:

The Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks have all been bred with increased fire blight and crown rot resistance in mind.  If you grow in an area that may be prone to severe fire blight infestations or on heavy, wet, poorly drained soils with crown rot problems, this series of rootstocks should be of great interest.  Presently they are in limited supply, with few varieties budded to them and still require much observation and testing. 

Geneva 16 reported to be between M 9 and M 26 size, but is probably going to be replaced by another Geneva clone which has more adaptability.  It is not often found in the marketplace at this time.

Geneva 30 is reported to be similar in size to M 7.  We think it may be slightly less vigorous that M 7, but more so than M 26.  We recommend trialing them with other rootstocks for comparison.  Staking or support is also recommended as a safe guard as full information on graft compatibility and whether they can support themselves is still being gathered.  

Geneva 11 is reported to be similar in size to EMLA 26.  It is becoming more widely available, but is still very limited in what cultivars are available on it.

An Observation about Geneva 30 and Fire Blight in Michigan in 2000.

Southwest Michigan had an extremely severe fire blight infestation in the spring of 2000.  Many hundreds of thousands of dwarf trees are going to be lost.  All varieties showed some level of blight, including Red Delicious!  While the disease seemed to have run its course by July and August when drier weather conditions helped growers out, in September and October, it was evident that the blight was running into the rootstocks.  Even in varieties that did not seem to have much blight, one could see the trees turning purple and destined to die.  Cutting into the rootstocks, one could see the browning and death of the root, while the trunk above the bud union was still showing green.  M 9, M 26, and M 7 seem to have been hit hardest.  M 106 took it a little better.

A young block of Gala budded to Geneva 30, which looked pretty well devastated in July and which seemed destined for removal was showing some pretty good re-growth in August.  In September the comparison trees of Gala/ M 7 were turning purple and dying.  The Geneva 30 trees still had very green and healthy looking growth and it appears that the rootstock is unaffected by the blight.  However, there is was certainly no "transmittal" of resistance to the scion--- it was just as susceptible as any other Gala on other rootstock, but it appears that it may be possible to save these trees because the rootstock is healthy!  We'll see!

UPDATE!
With the exception of the trees on M7,which were removed in 2002 because of fire blight infection in the rootstock,  this block of trees has done amazingly well.  There was a lot of regrowth in the trees and a excellent crops considering the amount of lost productive wood in 2001.  The grower will need to make special effort to try to regain lost ground, especially in trying to maintain a central leader, the orchard is viable and will survive for many years to come.  The few trees on Geneva 30 that died were because of rodent damage.  It is important to support this rootstock.  They are very precocious and the first crop will tend to "drag" the trees down unless supported.  In 2003, this block produced a prodigious crop of Gala, with good size and color.  The previous fire blight damage is not noticeable, except that one can tell that the tree structure has been compromised somewhat and it not what would be optimal for a dwarf orchard.  Crops in 2004 and 2005 where very good.  It appears that Geneva 30 has very good anchorage, but MUST be supported in early years in order to develop and maintain the central leader.  We have seen very little tipping over or trees and no bud union brittleness with Pacific Gala.
Geneva 30 definitely has great commercial potential from the "grower" side.  Its blight immunity, precocity,  and dwarfness (similar or slightly less than EMLA 7) make it highly desirable.  However, from the "nursery" point of view it has many drawbacks, which will probably cause it to continue to be of limited production.  Geneva 30 does not produce a high amount of high grade layers in the stoolbed.  It produces lots of thorns, which the producer needs to prune off.  These two qualities make it more expensive to produce than other rootstocks.  However,  most importantly, Geneva 30 can suffer high loss of liners when the nurseryman lines it out in the field prior to budding.  Reports from 15 to 50% loss are not unusual.  This causes it to be an expensive risk for the fruit tree nursery.  However, well established liners bud well and produce nice feathered trees.  For the most part, it seems than many fruit tree nurseries are shying away from using Geneva 30 as a rootstock, because of its potential for trouble, even though there seems to be a market for every tree produced.  Growers should expect to have trouble locating already budded trees of many varieties on this rootstock, should expect to pay more for those trees, and should plan ahead and contract where possible for Geneva 30 trees in quantity.  

Cherry Rootstocks

The Gisela® Series of cherry rootstocks holds great promise for revolutionizing the production of sweet cherries.  There are many rootstocks in the series, with Gisela® 5, 6 and 12 showing great promise for size control and early production.  While trees on these rootstocks carry a hefty royalty and are expensive when planting, it appears that being able to bring in early and heavy crops on much more dwarf trees, compared to the standard mahaleb and mazzard rootstocks, and may make them a better investment over the life of the orchard.  

 

 The "CLUB" Trend

The latest trend for the introduction of new varieties, particularly apples, is the "club".  This trend has its pros and cons in our opinion.  As a fruit tree broker and small nursery, we are not able to participate with the clubs and are not able to provide varieties which have been clubbed.  Securing these varieties almost always must be done directly with the club management.  Typically there are many restrictions and conditions that must be complied with in order to join a club.  If you contact us about club varieties, we may be able to help you get in contact with the club managers, but we usually will not be able to sell you the trees.

Essentially a club variety is a variety that is restricted in its production and marketing to members of the club.  However, there still are many varieties which are still being introduced into the open market with no restrictions--- call us if you have questions about a particular variety.

12/15/2013   © Copyright 2010 Moser Fruit Tree Sales Inc.